Specially formulated to significantly improve all cognitive functions including attention, processing speed, verbal fluency, decision making, working memory, planning, reasoning, multitasking, problem solving, motor skills and many other which will boost your productivity, creativity and motivation to beat every deadline!

BRAIN Bottle Full Ingredient List (Per Serving)

What is St. John’s Wort:

St. John’s Wort (Hypericum Perforatum) is a flowering plant being used for centuries for its strong health benefits. You can recognize the plant by its bright yellow flowers and despite her medicinal benefits this plant is listed as a noxious weed. It grows natively in Europe and Asia, but can be found pretty much everywhere in the world commercially grown. St. John’s Wort contains seven groups of medicinally active compounds, of which Hypericin and Hyperforin are most important. Of all the benefits, treatment of depression is the most noticeable, it’s also noted it helps with symptoms of menopause, skin healing, mental disorders, anxiety, herpes virus, HIV, AIDS, migraines, cancer, etc.

As a Nootropic:

St. John’s Wort is a powerful antidepressant.
Hyperforin has major antidepressant properties. It boosts the production of serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain, helps serotonin bind to serotonin receptors and also increases the number of receptors. St. John’s Wort is amongst the few Nootropics with scientific backing for its psychiatric benefits.

It makes Stress and Anxiety disappear.
St. John’s wort helps soothe the symptoms of anxiety and stress by affecting the neurotransmitters and their dosages in the brain leaving you calmer.

First line of defense of your nerves.
Studies have shown that St. John’s Wort extract helps with the protection of the nerves from oxidative stress (which causes inflammation and swelling). Oxidative stress related diseases are Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s.

Feeling depressed and stressed on a daily level strains your brain to the extent of losing the capability to transfer neuron signals properly. That takes a toll on memory, makes you have brain fogs, have less focus, problems with cognition and your decision-making abilities. St. John’s wort makes you feel more focused, calmer and happier. It’s a good alternative to medical drugs without the side effects or withdrawal symptoms!

What is Glutamine:

Glutamine is a non-essential amino-acid that helps in formation of proteins that in return form stronger muscles and fortify bone structures. It’s also a key part of our immune system and has a special role in our intestinal health. It exists in two forms L-Glutamine and D-Glutamine. L-Glutamine is important to humans because it is a precursor for the production of Glutamate, a neurotransmitter that is responsible for neuron communication in the brain and GABA, a neurotransmitter that keeps levels of Glutamate in check. Glutamine is also noted to increase human growth hormone.

As a Nootropic:

Keep your brain optimized.
L-Glutamine is essential in the production of Glutamate. Both L-Glutamine and Glutamate need to be in balance at all times ensuring alertness, concentration, focus and good memory. The balance is important and crucial to a healthy and optimized brain.

Brain health at its best.
Glutamines strong impact on the immune and intestinal systems contributes to a healthy brain by keeping the antibody count high, inflammations at bay and also keeps out bad ammonia from the brain, which also helps with slowing down brain aging.

Keep your body stress at minimum.
The Glutamine – Glutamate cycle is important for normal immune and intestinal system functioning. Disbalance of the Glutamine and Glutamate makes the cells of these systems slow and inactive leading to poor health, poor digestion, bloating and overall feeling of depression.

Not enough L-Glutamine is responsible for numerous health problems such as memory declines, anxiety, sleeping disorders, bad production of muscles, low energy levels, feeling worried, stressed and disorganized. So, taking a healthy dose of Glutamine can improve quality of life contributing to better memory, alertness, better learning abilities, good brain health, focus and significantly improved attention span!

What is Phosphatidylserine Complex:

Firstly, what are Phospholipids­? Phospholipids are a combination of lipids (fats) and a chemical element phosphorus(P). Phospholipids are the protectors of our neurons. They embrace every neuron in our brain and insulate them from the stresses such as heat, mechanical injuries, chemical disturbances, etc.
Phosphatidylserine complex is a combination of phospholipids:

Of which Phosphatidylcholine (PC) and Phosphatidylserine (PS) are the two most important phospholipids in the cells of our body. The human body can make them, but we can also get them from food such as soy, rapeseed, sunflower and chicken eggs. Lack of phospholipids in our diet results in conditions such as brain fog, memory loss and slow thinking.

As a Nootropic:

Both PC and PS are important for our neuronal and brain health. Together they are of great importance for memory formation and neuron reparation but their functions are different.

– PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINE (PC) is the main brain phospholipid. It is located in the outer layer of the neuron membrane.

Gives your brain the right stuff & protects it!
Not only it is found in the protective membrane of the brain, it also is the direct ”manufacturer” of choline and a neurotransmitter acetylcholine, better known as “ACh”. ACh is responsible for all sort of brain functions such as memory formation, learning, planing and all other cognitive functions!
Besides ACh, it also can be converted into free fatty acids (DHA, oleic, linoleic, linolenic) that are responsible for long-term memory formation.

– PHOSPHATIDYLSERINE (PS) is synthesized from PC and lays in the inner parts of the neuron membrane. Because of it our neurons can communicate with each other.

Memory creator at your hand.
PS is one of the most known memory boosters among all nootropics because it boosts the creation of new neuron connections. That leads to enhanced learning capacity, memory recall and concentration!

It works as a stress reliever.
By decreasing cortisol and ACTH levels it can give a sense of calmness and put you in a better mood.

Gives your neurons the right conditions to work in.
PS gives the cell membranes fluidity, because of that the membrane is malleable and flexible which means it’s healthy. With age and low levels of PS, the membrane starts to harden causing poor cognition abilities. So, having optimal levels of PS can help with preventing these effects and insuring that you have good concentration, memory, cognition and attention.

These elements all together have a high impact on our brain and neurons, protecting our cells and giving them what they need. It’s a great asset to have in your daily food intake. When these elements are in balance, we experience a great boost in our cognitive performance as well as in learning, memory formation, thinking, focusing on tasks, better sleep and overall feeling of well-being!

What is Bacopa monnieri:

Bacopa Monnieri, also known as Waterhyssop or Brahimi is a native Indian aromatic herb. It was used for centuries for its medical properties to treat various illnesses. Other than her medical significance, Bacopa Monneri has shown to act beneficently on the human brain. It contains active components known as Bacosides and it is amongst most popular natural nootropics. While PHOSPHATIDYLSERINE enhances the structural framework of neurons, Bacopa Monneri enhances the chemical environment of the central nervous system – It balances the chemicals necessary for thinking, memory formation and various other neurotransmitters to exert its effects.

As a Nootropic:

Boost your memory capacity.
Bacopa Monneri was used for centuries for its medical benefits, and memory boosting was one of the most noticeable. The bacosides in the plant are the cause of that capability. They improve the signaling of the impulses in the brain and also help with rebuilding damaged neurons which in return contribute to better attention and memory as well as more focus through the day.

The real stress and anxiety reliever.
Bacopa Monnieri is a very potent Adaptogen, it enhances the body’s ability to focus at any task on hand, whether it be a project or the need to sleep. In a sense, Bacopa extracts improve the body’s ability to be MINDFUL and present in the situation by enhancing attention spans.

With its high medical benefitions both on the brain and body Bacopa Monneri is a powerful supplement and an ally in your daily life. Your best friend in times of stress and anxiety and your right hand for improving cognitive skills and memory boosts!

What is DMAE Bitartrate:

Also known as Deanol, this Nootropic shot to fame due to its promising effects in the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) and as a mood-stabilizer. Acetylcholine is an important neurotransmitter that is necessary for the transmission of impulses and for quicker cognition. DMAE forms an important constituent for the synthesis of this neurotransmitter (Acetylcholine) and the presence of more acetylcholine is known to enhance brain functions, improved cognition, better memory retention and increased verbal fluency.

As a Nootropic:

The acetylcholine maker.
As we already know acetylcholine or ACh is a powerful and a very important neurotransmitter in our brain. It helps us with a lot of functions like memory, concentration, cognition, neuroplasticity, etc. and without this neurotransmitter we can feel really bad (unhealthy and depressed). Not just that we can feel bad, but humans can develop diseases like ADHD and Alzheimer’s! DMAE helps us avoid this problem and creates ACh in our brain by preventing an element called Choline to be absorbed into tissues and with that increases the levels of it (choline) in our brain, which our body converts into ACh (Acetylcholine)!

It cleanses your body from harmful waste.
DMAE has the ability to clean out the ”waste” from our body such as free radicals and Lipofuscin. Those elements are really bad for us, developed in our body through the process of aging and from eating poor diet. They not only affect the body, they affect the mind by damaging the DNA, making our sight go bad, upset cellular metabolism and induce the creation of oxygen species that are killing brain cells!

DMAE supplementation can help you stay younger through life and induces the state of well-being. It keeps our body safe from body waste and our cells and neurons from premature death or damage. As it contributes to the production of ACh we feel more productive, concentrated, with better memory, better cognition skills, better sleep, better verbal abilities, mental clarity and focus. DMAE is reported to help even with stamina and post exercise stress like muscle soreness!

What is N-Acetyl-L-Carnitine HCl:

N-Acetyl L-Carnitine or in other words Acetylcarnitine is an amino acid that can be synthesized in the human body. It derives from the amino acid L-Carnitine by introducing an acetyl functional group into L-Carnitine. Our body uses L-Carnitine to make proteins. It helps the body produce energy and maintain proper function of the heart and brain. Acetylcarnitine is the acetylated version of L-Carnitine that has a slightly different function in the body and has all sorts of medicinally backed up uses such as improving memory problems, relieving from tiredness, boosting poor brain functions and many more.

As a Nootropic:

It will provide you energy.
As its partner L-Carnitine, Acetylcarnitine is the taxi driver of fatty acids to the mitochondria that will convert them to energy. That energy is used by our body and brain. The difference is that Acetylcarnitine can cross the blood-brain barrier as L-Carnitine cannot so it’s much more absorbable and therefore more usable by our cells. Boost of energy will leave you in better physical and mental state.

Keeps your ACh levels high.
By now we all know that acetylcholine or ACh is very good to have in stack. Acetylcarnitine is a necessary ingredient for the production of ACh by releasing its acetyl group in the process of Deacetylation. ACh is responsible for boost of memory, learning, organization, cognition, concentration and a lot more.

Boost your brain power.
L-Carnitine is a known cognition enhancer. It is believed that it improves the neural communication between different parts of the brain to improve problem-solving abilities and executive functions. L-Carnitine is also a powerful antioxidant which is important for the protection of neurons in the brain by flushing out the potent toxic byproducts out of our cells.

With Acetylcarnitine supplementation you can finally forget being tired all the time, having poor cognitive performance and start feeling awake, happy and more sharp minded. Its positive effects on both brain and body can guarantee you a healthier life now and later as you get older because it keeps our cells safe, our energy in constant production and our cognitive performance at maximum levels!

What is Ginkgo Biloba:

Known for its particularly fan shaped leaves, Ginkgo Biloba or commonly known as Ginkgo is an ancient tree originated from China. The trees can grow to an impressive height of 115 ft. and its leaves are used for centuries both for food and in medical practices. Some of the benefits Ginkgo Biloba can contributed are mental alertness, better circulation, better brain functions, cognition, treatment of migraines and support of vision and eye health.

As a Nootropic:

It has powerful antioxidative properties.
Ginkgo Biloba can cross the blood-brain barrier and prevent free-radicals that are caused by metabolic processes and hyper-inflammation from harming the normal cells present in any region of the body, including the brain. As an antioxidant it neutralizes these compounds and makes them harmless. So it helps us avoid tissues damage, early aging of the brain, cognitive diseases, and a lot more.

It keeps our blood circulation going.
A very important aspect of brain function and health is its circulation. If its healthy and the blood can go through delivering vital nutrients to brain tissue we will most definitively have good memory recall, concentration, good cognition and learning skills. Ginkgo does this by increasing a compound called nitric-oxide which amongst many tasks in the body also sends signals in our blood vessels to vasodilate and increase blood flow.

With Ginkgo Biloba say good-bye to cognitive decline.
Many researches have been examining effects of Ginkgo on cognitive abilities and it has shown a lot of positive effects. It improves cognition even in healthy individuals and also helps in the release of dopamine which is responsible for our mood, executive functions, motor control and motivation.

Feel your memory, attention, mood, and overall quality of life change for the better with this nootropic. But have in mind that like all natural supplements this one too takes time to show its full potential. Keep your circulation in perfect condition, prevent sighs of early aging and help your brain remain healthy. The prosperity of a healthy brain can be unlimited!

What is Huperzine-A:

Huperzine-A is an alkaloid derived from a plant named Club Moss. It is purified in multiple steps so that its final form can be obtained. Huperzine-A was used for thousands of centuries for its ability to treat inflammations and psychotic disorders. This powerful alkaloid is used as an alternative treatment for Alzheimer’s disease and age-related cognitive decline. Today, people use it to boost their memory, mood, attention, energy and motor skills. Huperzine-A has antioxidative properties which are very important for the normal functioning of our brain.

As a Nootropic:

Increases levels of acetylcholine.
Huperzine-A prevents the breakdown of acetylcholine (ACh) thus boosting its levels in the brain. Acetylcholinesterase or AChE is an enzyme that is responsible for degrading ACh in the body. Huperzine-A inhibits this reaction and helps with keeping levels of ACh high in our brain. Acetylcholine is a very important neurotransmitter which is needed for enhancing alertness, attention, motivation, learning and memory formation. It also has some major roles in proper muscle function and our autonomic nervous system.

Cares for our neurons.
With its antioxidative potential it protects our body from harmful free radicals, maintaining the homeostasis of the brain tissue, but it also protects brain cells from glutamate toxicity. It increases neural connections between different parts of the brain to ensure better verbal recall, greater memory potential and maintain good cognitive functions.

Prevention of diseases.
Using Huperzine-A can help prevent cognitive decline, brain disorders and formation of neurodegenerative diseases as we get older!

More benefits of Huperzine-A:
While increasing memory and cognitive function is its main role, Huperzine-A has more health benefits to it. It can reduce brain fog, improve focus and concentration, increase physical and mental endurance, help the body use fat as a source of energy instead of carbohydrates, protect against toxic organophosphates (insecticides or pesticides that act as a nerve gas and are very toxic to humans), increase levels of norepinephrine and dopamine (also neurotransmitters), promote growth of neurons and help with muscle weakness and epileptic seizures.

Huperzine-A boosts our
mental ability and cognition on a natural basis and without side effects. It improves overall well-being and keeps us safe from mental diseases by maintaining our brain health in a good state. It’s a great companion to have in our everyday supplementation!


“With a healthy body comes a healthy mind.” That’s why our Body bottle formula has all the essential vitamins and minerals enriched with carefully chosen antioxidants, healthy oils, herbs and other special ingredients that will fulfill every need that your body has. Expect no less than feeling healthy and energized with your immunity and vitality boosted!

BODY Bottle Full Ingredient List (Per Serving)

Vitamin A is a fat-soluble nutrient and it’s highly concentrated in fish oil, liver and butter. You can thank Vitamin A for your healthy eyesight, healthy looking skin, bones and more! Minimum recommended daily value for this vitamin is between 900mcg and 700mcg per day for men and women. It’s important to meet your requirements for this vitamin, but if you experience deficiency Ultimate Brain & Body has 50% of recommended daily value per serving!

Main functions and benefits:

Most important functions of Vitamin A in the body are: maintenance of normal vision, cellular differentiation, keeping the linings (skin and mucous membrane) of the body healthy and produce growth hormones.

– Maintenance of vision: Vitamin A is regarded as the chief vitamin for the appropriate nurture of a healthy vision. It provides the biochemical nutrients necessary for light sensitivity and maintenance of specialized eye cells called Rods and Cones.

– Cell-Integrity: All tissues are made by a group of similar cells that further reorganize into organs and organ systems. When cells differentiate to perform specialized functions they need Vitamin A. Further formation of junctions between these cells is necessary for proper function which is also aided by Vitamin A. This results in faster tissue repair.

– Immune system protection: Vitamin A is necessary for the maintenance and function of skin and mucosal cells. It does this by causing newly formed immature skin cells to start maturing into their adult form. These cells form the linings of our body and prevent alien bacteria and viruses to penetrate it.

– Promotes growth: Retinoic acid is one of the forms of Vitamin A. This acid has the ability to generate the production of growth hormone. This hormone is used by our body to stimulate growth by promoting differentiation and expansion of cells.

Other functions and benefits:

– Stronger bones: Bone-forming cells (osteoblasts) and counterparts, bone-destroying cells (Osteoclasts) are kept in balance by Vitamin A. This results in stronger bones and prevention of age-related osteomalacia.

– Vitamin A enhances reproductive health in men by maintaining the quality of sperms.

– Relives inflammation: Beta-carotene is a precursor of vitamin A and is considered as a powerful antioxidant.

– Skin health: Retinoic acid (a form of Vitamin A) helps the skin stay healthy and beautiful. It promotes the growth of new skin cells and works as an anti-inflammatory agent against acne, eczema and other skin conditions.

– Red blood cells development: Vitamin A is required to help the stem cells evolve into red blood cells. It also helps with transferring iron into newly formed hemoglobin.

– It has some anti-cancer properties.

Deficiency signs:
bad dark adaptation or night blindness, dry and scaly skin, vision problems, brittle teeth, high level of LDL cholesterol.
Diseases and symptoms which occur with severe deficiency of this vitamin are: xerophtalmia and blindness

Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin. It is the chief micronutrient for Collagen synthesis. Collagen forms the biochemical raw material for the formation of skin, ligaments, blood vessels and many other organ systems. It’s also known as a strong antioxidant, keeps the heart safe and it even protects our memory and thinking as we age! The minimum daily recommended dose is 90 mg a day for men and 75 mg a day for women.

Main functions and benefits:

Most important functions of Vitamin C in the body are: collagen production, antioxidative role, immune system regulation, converting cholesterol to bile acid and the synthesis of norepinephrine, serotonin, adrenal steroid and carnitine.

– Vitamin C is essential for the formation of collagen. Collagen is an important protein that is the fundamental part of connective tissue, blood vessels, skin, teeth, ligaments, joints and bones. Vitamin C forms the basis for most skin-healing and rejuvenation-beauty products. Its ability to repair skin-tissue can enhance wound healing, scar reduction and provide lustrous and flawless skin and teeth.

– An effective antioxidant: It protects important nutrients from damage caused by free radicals. It also helps regenerate other antioxidant molecules such as Vitamin E.

– Immunity Enhancer: While stress can reduce the immune function in an otherwise healthy individual, supplemental Vitamin C can restore immunity. It is known to keep common cold and flu at bay and can also neutralize inflammatory substances in the body. It also promotes antibody formation.

-Cholesterol metabolism: Vitamin C is required for the final step of cholesterol metabolism into bile acid. Because of this function we can maintain normal cholesterol levels in the blood.

Other functions and benefits:

– It’s essential for formation of stronger bones: Vitamin C is also known to form the raw-material for synthesis of bone-tissue. Collagen cross-linking which is later calcified is the chief function of Vitamin C.

– We all know smoking is bad for you, but did you know that only one cigarette can deplete Vitamin C that is available in one full orange fruit! Vitamin C is the first to deplete in alcoholics and smokers and its blood-levels concentration can give the overall metabolic profile of an individual.

– Iron absorption: Vitamin C aids the absorption of iron from food. It converts it into a more digestible form that our intestine can absorb more easily. With this simple favor to iron, vitamin C helps prevent iron deficiency in the blood thus preventing anemia!

– It reduces the risk of gout by eliminating uric acid from joints and blood. Gout is a complex form of arthritis which causes intense pain, inflammation and redness in joints.

Deficiency signs: Dry and splitted hair, gum inflammation and bleeding, nosebleeds, dry and rough skin, slow healing of wounds, anemia, easy bruising, decreased wound-healing rate and swollen joints.
Diseases and symptoms which occur with severe deficiency of this vitamin are: scurvy – teeth loss, swollen gums prone to bleeding, bleeding into the joints and muscles, bulging eyes. etc.

Vitamin D is commonly known as the preventive agent against depression, dementia and diarrhea. Vitamin D can be synthesized in the body by sufficient exposure to sunlight (“Sunshine Vitamin’’), however, with the decreasing times for such sunlight exposure, the most viable alternative is to take it in the form of supplements. Ultimate Brain & Body formula has 500% of daily value per serving which is enough to keep your levels high at all times! Studies show that vitamin D helps us live longer, and it has some nootropic values to it like easing depression! The minimum daily recommended dosage for Vitamin D is 15mcg for both men and woman.

Main functions and benefits:

Most important function of Vitamin D in the body is: proper calcium utilization in the body.

– Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium from dietary sources into our bloodstream. It also provides additional calcium in times of need by taking it from bones and reabsorbing it back from the kidneys.
Calcium is one of the most important minerals in the human body. Its needed for the formation of bones and teeth. It replaces aged and worn-out bone tissue with newly formed bone matrix. Its also important for clotting blood, contraction of muscles and proper nerve signaling. Without calcium conditions like osteomalacia and osteoporosis can occur.

Other functions and benefits:

– Improved cognitive function and mood-stability: Strengthening neural connections between the memory and verbal function brain areas, Vitamin D is known to improve memory and resilience to stress.

– Anti-Inflammatory agent and improved athletic capacity: Inflammation is a normal process in response to an injury, however hyper-inflammation can precipitate cell-damage and various disorders, sequentially. Vitamin D reduces inflammation and also improves athletic capacity by increasing the red-blood cell count and improve oxygen carrying capacity in the blood.

– Cell differentiation: Calciferol (Vitamin D) can inhibit the process of proliferation (rapid cell division) of cells thus promote proper differentiation of cells.

– Prevents anxiety and depression: Vitamin D has a powerful impact on mood and can prevent forming of depression and anxiety!

– It can help regulate blood pressure: The active form of Vitamin D regulates particular enzymes needed by the body for maintaining blood pressure.

– Enhances immunity: Immune cells need vitamin D to function normally. With deficiency in this vitamin the body would experience increased autoimmunity and increased susceptibility to infection.

– Memory and learning: Vitamin D has been shown to play a crucial role in neuron cells growth. It promotes the nerve growing factor synthesis which help the neurons grow, adapt and survive.

Deficiency signs: bone loss and pain, impaired quality and density of the bone – brittle bones, fatigue, muscle weakness,  back pain, weak immunity, digestive problems and mood swings.
Diseases and symptoms which occur with severe deficiency of this vitamin are: osteomalacia and rickets.

Vitamin E is one of the most powerful antioxidant vitamin and it’s role is to fight against free radicals. Free radicals are byproducts of cellular respiration, which harm cells of the body by damaging their cell-wall. That causes age related changes in appearance and even diseases like diabetes, cancers, dementia, arthritis, etc. You can get Vitamin E from all sorts of nuts, broccoli and sunflower seeds. The minimum daily recommended dose for this Vitamin is 15mg for man and woman.

Main functions and benefits:

Most important function of Vitamin E in the body is its antioxidative role.

– Vitamin E has powerful antioxidative abilities. Its perfectly suited to intercept the damaging effect of free radicals and oxidation.

Other functions and benefits:

– Better Cardiac Health: Vitamin E is known to prevent the progress of heart disease by improving the endothelial cell function. Endothelial cells form the lining of blood vessels and their discontinuity can lead to hypertension, cardiac failure and other diseased conditions.  Additionally, Vitamin E is directly responsible for prevention of blood clotting in vessels. It also widens blood vessels with the help of vitamin K.

– Immune system health: Vitamin E is needed for the formation of immune cells and enzymes.

– Improved metabolism and better nutrient absorption: By balancing the hepatic enzymes, Vitamin E promotes better absorption of other micro-nutrients from the body, including processing, digestion and absorption of food.

– Improved Cognition and Memory: Vitamin E promotes better cognition by increasing blood flow and also stimulates the brain circuits for better verbal recall and memory formation.

– Thickens hair: Vitamin E promotes better circulation to the scalp and decreases damage caused by the environment.

– Vitamin E helps alleviate PMS symptoms: as a natural hormone balancer, vitamin E can regulate menstrual cycle. It helps lower menstrual cramps, pain and blood loss.

Deficiency signs: impaired vision, low muscle mass, weak muscles, insecure step, loss sense of balance and coordination, impaired liver and kidney function.
Diseases and symptoms which occur with severe deficiency of this vitamin are: frequent miscarriages and premature deliver of babies and neurological problems in newborn babies like: paralysis, loss of sensation, seizures, poor cognitive abilities, etc.

Thiamine, also known as Vitamin B1 is a powerful vitamin that has many uses in the human body. Its most notable effects are maintenance of our central nervous system and energy production. We can’t store Vitamin B1 in the body so it’s important to take it via food or supplementation on a daily basis. Pork, sunflower seeds and wheat germ are good sources of this vitamin but you can also acquire it from the use of supplements. Our Ultimate Brain & Body has the optimal amount of Thiamine per serving which is 30mg a day. With enough thiamine in the body your energy levels will always be high and brain functions will always work properly!

Main functions and benefits:

Thiamin’s most important functions in the body are energy production and neuronal wellness.

– Energy production: Thiamine or Vitamin B1 is a coenzyme that activates some very important enzymes in the body. These enzymes are involved in the metabolism of nutrients that play a role in the production of energy. Vitamin B1 helps in making of ATP which is the fuel for our mitochondria. It also converts carbohydrates into glucose – the main source of energy used by the body.

– Neuronal wellness: Thiamine promotes the regeneration and repair of neurons all over the body and like that is very important to the central nervous system. It’s involved in the production of some chief neurotransmitters like Acetylcholine. B1 is a coenzyme to a enzyme called PDH and PDH is essential for acetylcholine synthesis. It’s also important for the making of myelin, a protective cover that coats our neurons. Myelin keeps the neurons safe from trauma and increases the speed of electrical impulses inside the brain.

Other functions and benefits:

– Immunity Booster: Along with other Vitamins of Vitamin B Complex it strengthens our immunity and keeps it healthy. Vitamin B1’s effect at curing and preventing cold and seasonal flu is substantial. It also minimizes the effects of stress on the immune system. With a strong and healthy immune system, we are equipped to protect ourselves from illnesses and diseases.

– Digestion:
Thiamine is needed for proper digestion. It regulates the production of our hydrochloric acid (HCL is needed for the process of digestion of food in the stomach) and also promotes faster bowel movement.

– Cardiovascular health: This vitamin helps our cardiovascular system in many ways. Thiamine helps reduce bad cholesterol and prevent plaque from forming in the arteries. It has been shown it improves cardiac functions. Deficiency of thiamine may contribute to heart failure.

– Thiamine is shown to improve the quality of skin, bone, hair and nails. It also protects our vision from decline by keeping our eye lens safe from clouding up.

– High consumption of alcohol prevents the absorption of thiamine which can lead to deficiency!

Deficiency signs: Loss of appetite, irritability, blurry vision, muscle weakness, loss of mental alertness, difficulty in breathing, fatigue, impaired reflexes.
Diseases and symptoms which occur with severe deficiency of this vitamin are: wet, dry and cerebral forms of “beriberi” disease.

Riboflavin or also known as vitamin B2 is a fundamental part of various enzymes responsible for metabolism and other functions. Along with other B-complex vitamins riboflavin plays a significant role in the maintenance of mitochondrial function. It also boosts cognition performance and helps decrease signs of depression. Foods rich in this vitamin include organ meats, beef, mushrooms, cottage cheese and milk. Minimum recommended daily dosage of riboflavin is about 1.3 mg a day.

Main functions and benefits:

Riboflavin’s most important functions in the body are energy production and the activation of some vitamins.

– Energy production: Like all B vitamins, Riboflavin too is involved in the production of energy but slightly different. Riboflavin is needed for the formation of flavo-coenzymes and flavoproteins. Flavoproteins are involved in redox (reduction–oxidation) reactions and electron transport in our cells. These are important for energy production and the removal of free radicals!

– Other vitamins activation: Riboflavin is needed for the activation of vitamins B1, B3, B6, and B9 once they enter the body. Here it also has the role of coenzyme that triggers these vitamins to morph into their active forms. When activated, they preform vital functions in the body!

Other functions and benefits:

– Helps with headaches: Vitamin B2 has shown significant improvement in alleviating pain associated with migraine headaches. It also reduces the number of times migraines occur.

– Has powerful antioxidant and anti-carcinogenic properties: Riboflavin is a potent neutralizer of free-radicals and it reduces inflammation. Through this action, Vitamin B2 is also helpful in preventing cancer.

– Blood cells health: Riboflavin is needed for the normal absorption of Iron from the gut. Without iron our blood cells would not work at all. Iron helps oxygen bind to hemoglobin (presented in our blood cells) and than carries it all over the body. Not enough iron can result in anemia. Some signs of anemia are tiredness and fatigue.

– Cognitive functions: Riboflavin helps boost our cognitive functions. It makes the vitamin B6 convert into its active form and B6 is essential for normal functioning of the brain. It enhances alertness, cognition, energy, elevate mood and reduces depression and anxiety!

– Eye health: Vitamin B2 promotes eye vision and helps it stay strong! It prevents the formation of age related cataracts and stops inflammation occurring in the eye.

– B2 along with other B vitamins promote liver and bone health!

– It can help with nocturnal leg cramps by easing the pain and duration of the cramp.

Deficiency signs: weakness, fatigue, red, sore or watering eyes, skin rash, anemia, blurry vision, digestive problems, swollen and red tongue, cracks and sores of the skin around the nose and mouth, moist skin inflammation.

Niacin, also known as Vitamin B3 shot to fame for its ability to reduce (LDL or “Bad”) cholesterol and thus prevent associated cardiovascular conditions. It also boosts brain functions and like all B vitamins it helps in the process of converting food into energy. The minimum daily recommended dosage for Niacin is 16 mg for both man and woman. While you can get it from foods like greens, meat, poultry, fish and eggs, supplementation might be a better choice as you get extra micro and macro nutrients. Our Ultimate Brain & Body Formula has all eight members of Vitamin B Complex and all in the right amounts!

Main functions and benefits:

Niacin’s most important functions in the body are energy production and cholesterol metabolism.

– Cholesterol metabolism: LDL is a cholesterol that can accelerate the process of hypertension by causing blockages in blood vessels. Niacin increases HDL (“good” cholesterol) which helps eliminate LDL and decrease triglyceride levels in the blood. It also protects the heart and arteries from various cardiovascular disorders.

– Molecular Energy Provider: Our cells create energy with the help of a certain coenzymes called NAD+ and NADP+. NAD+ and NADP+ are responsible for turning fats, sugars and proteins into energy. We can’t function without these coenzymes. They’re the reason we all keep moving. By default, our body can make NAD on its own from simple amino acids, but more complex components of the coenzyme are made from Niacin. NAD slows down the process of aging, protects the brain cells from stress and is involved in the process of catabolism. NADP has antioxidative properties and is used to produce fats, sugars and nucleotides which is also called a process of anabolism.

Other functions and benefits:

– Body Detoxification: Niacin along with other micro-nutrients is important for the detoxification of liver and kidneys. It’s shown that it decreases the levels of lipoproteins that are accumulating in the liver. Its involved in the regeneration of glutathione which is the master antioxidant. Niacin can dilate blood vessels and promote sweating. Through sweating our body can eliminate bad chemicals, that’s why sauna is claimed to promote detoxification of the body!

-Brain functions: NAD+ is involved in the synthesis of ATP and ATP is used as a fuel for the mitochondria in brain cells. Low levels of ATP result in brain fog, slow mental processing, and cognitive decline. Niacin helps boost levels of serotonin and dopamine which are important for our good mood. It can also increase BDFN (Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor) which is important for growth and survival of neurons. Healthy neurons contribute to higher intelligence, better memory and productivity!

– Sexual energy: By lowering levels of bad cholesterol and triglycerides in the body Niacin can improve sexual energy! Dyslipidemia is the abnormal amount of lipids in the blood and its closely connected with erectile dysfunction. Vitamin B3 keeps fat levels at bay and helps prevent disbalance. Niacin also widens blood vessels in the body including those in the penile regia.

-DNA repair: NAD+ can repair damaged DNA and help prevent cancer.

-Boost skin health: Vitamin B3 boost skin health. It does this by lifting water percentage in the skin cells keeping the skin moisturized and plumped. Niacin also helps in treating skin conditions like acne and rosacea.

Deficiency signs: indigestion, depression, apathy, disorientation, canker sores, thick, scaly rash on skin when exposed to sunlight.
Diseases and symptoms which occur with severe deficiency of this vitamin are: pellagra – inflammation of the skin, diarrhea, memory loss, fatigue, headache, vomiting.

Vitamin B6, also known as Pyridoxine, forms an integral part of about 140 enzymes all over the body and brain. Its benefits range from improved cognitive abilities and brain health to the production of red blood cells. As we can’t produce it, we must obtain it via food or supplementation. The minimum recommended daily dose for vitamin B6 is 1.3 – 1.7 mg for adults. Because of its abilities, adequate levels are key for promoting and maintaining a healthy body.

Main functions and benefits:

Pyridoxine’s most important function in the body is its involvement in high number of important enzymes.

– Vitamin B6 has two coenzyme forms called: pyridoxal phosphate (PLP) and pyridoxamine 5’ phosphate (PMP). Those two are essential for the formation of about 140 enzymes in the human body. These enzymes are involved in wide range of some major chemical reactions like: protein and glycogen metabolism, synthesis of certain neurotransmitters, nucleic acids and the heme group, normal functioning of the immune system, hormone regulation and much more!

Other functions and benefits:

– Improved Cognition: By increasing the neurotransmitter levels of GABA and acetylcholine, pyridoxine improves communication between neurons which translates to better memory and better executive functions. A reduction in pyridoxine levels can make us feel lethargic.

– Neuroprotectant: Vitamin B6 is the most important micronutrient for the repair and regeneration of neurons. Pyridoxine is in fact regarded as “wear and tear repair” molecule of neurons. It shares this function with vitamin B12. It also helps keep homocysteine levels low. High homocysteine levels can lead to brain damage.

– Red Blood Cell Synthesis: Vitamin B6 is also an important micronutrient for the maintenance of Red-Blood cells. It improves the Hemoglobin content in blood and by doing so also improves body oxygenation.

– Helps You Sleep Better: Vitamin B6 regulates “Sleep-Wake cycles” by converting Tryptophan (amino-acid) to serotonin and melatonin. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that helps regulate sleep patterns and melatonin is a hormone that regulates sleep–wake cycles. Vitamin B6 also boosts cortisol levels. Cortisol is also called the “stress” hormone and our body uses it to prepare for any anticipated stress. You experience stress every time you wake up, so to prepare for it our body increases cortisol levels and in perfect timing our sleep becomes lighter and lighter, helping you wake up fresh.

– Mood enhancer: Vitamin B6 is involved in the production of serotonin and dopamine which are important for our mood. Lack of these neurotransmitters result in increasing of anxiety, depression, fatigue and pain.

– Anti-inflammatory agent: Pyridoxine has strong anti-inflammatory properties. It decreases inflammation processes all over the body, the most important being those in digestive and cardiovascular system.

Deficiency signs: mood swings (irritability, depression, confusion), inflammation of skin and mucosa, muscle spasms, fatigue, headache, skin and tongue ulcers, cracked and sore lips, glossy tongue, low energy, weakened immune system, etc.
Diseases and symptoms which occur with severe deficiency of this vitamin are: microcytic anemia, numbness in hands and feet, difficulty walking.

Folic acid or also known as Vitamin B9 is very important for neuronal regeneration and repair. Our body turns folic acid into folate, and folate is involved in synthesis of DNA and RNA. This is especially important in time of pregnancy when the production of DNA and RNA is immense. Vitamin B9 protects our DNA from changes that lead to cancer. It is also important for red blood cells production and heart health. The Recommended daily dose is 400 mcg per day.

Main functions and benefits:

Most important functions of Folic Acid in the body are: synthesis of nucleic acid, synthesis of amino acids and the formation of blood cells.

-Nucleic and amino acids: Folic acid is essential for the metabolism of some important amino acids in the body, the most important being methionine. It creates methionine from homocysteine. Methionine is an important sulfur-containing amino acid and it helps build proteins, as well as other sulfur-containing compounds. But what are sulfur containing compounds and why are they important? These are chemical compounds that contain the chemical element sulfur and have some very important functions in the body. Some major sulfur-containing molecules are cysteine, glutathione, taurine and SAM(S-adenosylmethionine). Cysteine is an amino acid that is needed for the production of proteins but its most important role is the production of glutathione and taurine, that also contain sulfur in their chemical structure. Glutathione is considered to be a master antioxidant while taurine helps our cells stay strong and function properly. SAM is particularly important because it has the ability to alter our DNA and thereby affect gene expression (refers to the process in which the information from DNA is used in the synthesis of molecules like protein, RNA, etc.). Folate also plays a vital role in the production of DNA from its precursors.

Blood cells: Folic acid is needed for the formation and dividing of red and white blood cells. Folic acid together with vitamin B12 is involved in erythropoiesis. Erythropoiesis is the process in which new red blood cells are produced. Deficiency of folic acid can lead to macrocytic anemia which means the blood cells can’t mature properly and are appeared bloated. These cells can’t carry oxygen. Folic acid is also needed for the formation of white blood cells.

Other functions and benefits:

– Improved learning abilities: Neuroplasticity (the ability of the brain to form and reorganize synaptic connections) determines our brain’s ability to form newer connections based on the skill we are trying to acquire. Folic acid improves this ability and results in improved concentration, better verbal fluency and learning.

– Better cognitive functions: Vitamin B9 is responsible for repair of neurons and helps improve cognition levels in all age-groups. It is required for the production of neurotransmitters like dopamine, epinephrine, norepinephrine and serotonin. These neurotransmitters improve mood and cognition and prevent depression.

– Immune system health: Our immune system is made up from antibodies and white blood cells (WBC). Folic acid is needed for the production of WBC. Only with healthy antibodies and WBC our immune system can properly defend us from diseases.

– It enhances the absorption of nutrients from the gastrointestinal tract.

– Folate reduces the levels of homocysteine which is known to cause wide range of diseases.
High levels of homocysteine can cause pale skin, weakness, fatigue, dizziness and mood changes.

– Folic acid is extremely important for the development of neural tube in a developing fetus.

Deficiency signs:
extreme tiredness and lack of energy, muscle weakness, mouth ulcers, depression, low appetite, homocysteine increase, memory problems and disturbed vision.

Disease which occurs with severe deficiency of this vitamin is megaloblastic anemia.

Cyanocobalamin is the synthetic form of Vitamin B12 (cobalamin). It derives its name due to the presence of a chemical element called Cobalt. It has similar properties like Vitamin B9 and these two are indeed connected. Cyanocobalamin forms an intrinsic part of red-blood cells. It helps with formation of DNA and supports the normal function of our neurons! Minimum recommended daily Intake (RDI) is about 2.4 mcg per day. Animal products contain high doses of Vitamin B12 so people following a vegan diet should take supplementation or injections to meet their daily requirements. Ultimate Brain & Body By Tapi Labs has a whooping 500mcg per serving!

Main functions and benefits:

Most important functions of Vitamin B-12 in the body are: energy production, synthesis of methionine and synthesis of hemoglobin.

– Methionine synthesis: Vitamin B12 along with B9 plays an important role in the production of methionine. Methionine is a special amino acid that contains sulfur and can be converted into sulfur-containing molecules. These sulfur enriched molecules are important for modifying our DNA and protecting our tissues. Methionine helps with the production of Glutathione, not directly, it first needs to convert into cysteine. Glutathione is a powerful antioxidant that has numerous health benefits such as production of DNA, tissue building, protein synthesis and proper immune function.

– Hemoglobin synthesis: Again, with the help from vitamin B9, cobalamin is responsible for proper red blood cell production. Deficiency of folate or vitamin B12 leads to the production of too large blood cells or insufficient amounts. Impaired erythrocyte production leads to pernicious anemia. Vitamin B12 also maintains the structural integrity of red blood cells, preventing their premature death and promoting repair.

– Energy production: Like all B vitamins, cobalamin is involved in the metabolism of fats, sugars and proteins into energy.

Other functions and benefits:

– Antioxidant: Vitamin B12 is an important antioxidant that neutralizes free-radicals and complex noxious chemicals.

– Strong and resilient nerves: Vitamin B12 improves the myelin sheath formation around the nerves and promotes the regeneration of axons in nerves. This results in faster nerve signal processing and improved cognition.

– Cell division: B12 is included in the synthesis of DNA. The body needs DNA for proper cell division and growth.

– Circulation: By forming methionine from homocysteine, vitamin B12 helps with lowering levels of it in the blood. High homocysteine levels damage lining of the arteries leading to inflammation and induce blood to clot more easily which can cause blockages.

– Mood enhancer: Cobalamin is the precursor to important neurotransmitters in the brain like acetylcholine, serotonin, GABA and dopamine. Neurotransmitters help neurons communicate and without them we couldn’t move arms and legs, breathe, pump heart, or even pee. They can enhance our mood, alertness, memory, cognition, sleep, concentration and lower anxiety and depression.

– Men’s health: With its ability to affect circulation, it is not a surprise to say it improves erection in men!

– Skin and hair health: Vitamin B12 is used for the treatment of serious skin aliments. It also boosts hair production by increasing the number of blood cells which carry oxygen to hair follicles and make them stronger. This results in faster hair growth and the prevention of hair loss.

Deficiency signs:
fatigue, weakness, constipation, diarrhea, tongue soreness.

Diseases and symptoms which occur with severe deficiency of this vitamin are: numbness and tingling of arms and legs, memory loss, mood changes, problem with walking, disorientation, difficulty thinking and pernicious anemia.

Biotin, also known as Vitamin H (Vitamin B7), forms an important part of many enzymes which are responsible for fat and protein breakdown. Biotin is also important for normal production of hair, skin and nails while improving already grown ones. It’s also shown that it helps with cognitive abilities, mood, lowering of “Bad” cholesterol and maintenance of normal blood sugar. The minimum recommended daily dose for Biotin is anywhere between 30 and 100 mcg per day. Taking higher levels of this Vitamin may help you utilize its benefits more successful.

Main functions and benefits:

Biotin’s most important functions in the body are: energy production, improved DNA functions, fatty acid and amino acid metabolism.

– Energy production: Biotin converts glucose from food into energy.

– Fatty acid and Amino acid metabolism: Biotin is a cofactor to many enzymes that are important for the production of fatty and amino acids. Our body later uses this acids to form fats and protein important for normal body function.

– DNA: Biotin can bind to histones and change their structure. Such changes trigger DNA replication, gene expression and cell division.
*DNA replication is the process of producing two identical replicas of DNA.
*Gene expression is the process in which the information from DNA is used in the synthesis of other structures of the cell(protein, RNA, etc).
*Cell division is the process in which cells divide themselves into “daughter” cells.

Other functions and benefits:

– Stops hair loss: Biotin plays a role in the growth of healthier, thicker hair and helps conquer hair loss! Biotin enhances the structure of keratin, which is very important to our hair, nails and skin. Keratin is a protein that makes the structure of hair, nails and skin and keeps them strong and healthy. It can improve thinning and splitting of hair and nails and prevent hair loss.

– Metabolism Enhancer: Biotin can aid weight loss! Biotin accelerates the breakdown process of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. It has been regarded as an important metabolic accelerator for fat breakdown in people when used in conjunction with High Intensity Interval Training.

– Cognition Enhancer: Biotin like other B-Complex Vitamins can enhance the production of Myelin sheath and improve signal transduction. Improved transfer of signals is necessary for a better memory and sharper focus.

– Mood Enhancer and Depression: Biotin will help with balancing the biochemistry in the brain and prevent mood-swings (associated with stress) and also alleviate symptoms of depression.

– Makes the immune system stronger: Biotin is needed for the formation of white blood cells (WBC) and lymphocytes which produce antibodies. These cells form the base of our immune system and defend us from harmful bacteria, viruses and toxins.

Deficiency signs:
 dry eyes, brittle hair and hair loss, fatigue, difficulty sleeping, dry scaly skin, cracking of the skin in mouth corners, lethargy, hallucinations, numbness and tingling of the extremities and ataxia.
Diseases and symptoms which occur with severe deficiency of this vitamin are metabolic disorders which cause really bad immune system defence with increased susceptibility to infections. Other symptoms are seizures and optical atrophy.

Pantothenic acid, also known as Vitamin B5, became popular due to its ability to reduce acne and provide clear and lustrous skin. Pantothenic acid is also the forerunner for humanity’s anti-aging race. It’s used in cosmetic purposes for hair and skin. It moisturizes the skin and helps with stopping the hair from thinning plus giving it more volume. Like its siblings it helps convert food into energy and is crucial for the formation of the red blood cells. It also has a role in digestive health, liver detoxification, cognitive function and sex and stress hormones. It’s rich in foods like liver and nuts.

Main functions and benefits:

Pantothenic acid’s most important function in the body is the synthesis of coenzyme A (CoA).

– Synthesis of CoA: Vitamin B5 plays an important role in the production of this vital coenzyme. CoA is an essential coenzyme that is needed for many biochemical reactions. Its included in the making of steroid hormones, essential fats, cholesterol, acetylcholine, melatonin, heme group and vitamins A and D. CoA can also generate energy from food.

Other functions and benefits:

– Faster metabolism: Pantothenic acid is a precursor of coenzyme A (CoA). CoA is essential for the breakage of fats and sugars. It’s also a key component in the production of Cortisol (hormone). Cortisol acts as an anti-inflammatory agent, helps metabolize glucose and works as a “stress” hormone (our body uses it to prepare for any anticipated stress).

– Improved Cognition: Vitamin B5 is essential for the synthesis of Acetylcholine (ACh). ACh is an important neurotransmitter for the transmission of messages in our brain. Faster processing abilities results in an improved memory and better grasping ability due to increased focus. It also works as a neuroprotectant by protecting the nerves from glutamate-induced excitotoxicity.

– Acne and Skin: By promoting rapid clearing of the skin glands, pantothenic acid allows for the skin-pores to “breathe freely” thus leaving the skin free from defects. In fact, most beauty creams are based on this vitamin!

Deficiency signs:
headache, fatigue, insomnia, vomiting, stomach pains, numbness and tingling of hands and feet, anemia, skin irritations, muscle cramps, respiratory infections, depression and irritability.

Calcium is one of the most important electrolytes in the body (Others being Sodium and Potassium). It forms an integral part of all processes in the heart and central nervous system. It transmits impulses from hormones to within the cells and from brain to the rest of the body earning its name (in the medicine world) “The Second Messenger “. As we can’t produce it, we must take it from food or supplementation. Calcium is mostly found in dairy products.

Main functions and benefits:

Calcium’s most important functions in the body are bone health, muscles contraction and nerve impulse transmission.

– Strong Bones: Calcium and phosphorus form the raw material required for bone-synthesis. At the molecular level calcium is also extremely important for muscle relaxation and contraction. Healthy teeth are a direct connected to calcium availability in the body.

– Cardiovascular Health: Heartbeat is regulated by a central nodal system that transmits impulses through its tributaries all over the heart musculature, from the start of life to the end. Calcium performs the chief biochemical role for this transmission.

Other functions and benefits:

– Sharper Brain: The transmission of messages from one neuron to another is done with the help of electrolytes that constantly leave and enter the cell interior. Calcium regulates these electrolytes at multiple levels and its deficiency can lead to lethargy, obsessive thought processes and other psychological problems.

– Kidney health: Calcium prevents kidney stones from forming. They damage the lining of the urethra and cause extreme pain.

– Better teeth: Calcium is important for jaw and teeth health. It makes their structure strong and hard. We can experience tooth and jaw breakdown, decay and impaired density when faced with calcium deficiency.

Deficiency signs:
muscle weakness and cramps, fainting, chest pains, difficulty swallowing and change of voice, fatigue, dry skin, poor nail and hair quality, numbness and mood changes.
Diseases and symptoms which occur with severe deficiency of this vitamin are: heart failure, seizures, osteoporosis, bone loss and psoriasis.

Iron is a metal and its most important role is to bind hemoglobin to the erythrocyte (red blood cells). Iron in hemoglobin binds oxygen at the lungs and carries it all over the body. Without iron in our blood we can experience Iron-deficiency anemia. With no iron in the blood, the oxygen molecule can’t bind to hemoglobin and then we experience exhaustion, lethargy, tiredness, pale skin and low energy levels. Even poor hair quality, brittle nails and bad skin can be some of the sighs of deficiency. 

Main functions and benefits:

Iron’s most important function in the body is red blood cell synthesis.

– Red Blood Cell Synthesis: The complete maturation of a red blood cells requires the presence of hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is only fully complete with the presence of Iron.

Other functions and benefits:

– Even More Stronger Bones: Iron also (along with Calcium and Phosphorus) forms a small component for the formation of bones.

– Metabolism Enhancer: Cytochrome group are a type of hemoproteins that serve a vital function in the transfer of energy within cells. Hemoproteins are a type of proteins that have a hem group imbedded into their chemical structure (hem group is a molecule that contains Iron). This particular compound can bind to other molecules. Some of these molecules can protect the cells from the damage of oxygen species and can kill certain bacteria as a response from our immune system.

– Iron is found in some enzymes that are responsible for DNA synthesis.

– Pregnancy helper: It’s been suggested by experts that pregnant woman should take higher amounts of iron in their diets. Iron contributes to a healthy pregnancy and it helps avoid anemia during it. It can help boost the weight of a baby, but not just babies, even small children. Iron is said to improve appetite in kids, helping them achieve normal growth!

– Boost athletic performance: Due to its ability to bind oxygen and carry it all over the body, Iron can make us energetic and improve athletic performance. Other important role is that iron aids in the production of myoglobin. Myoglobin is a protein that stores oxygen molecule in the muscle tissue.

Deficiency signs:
extreme fatigue and weakness, pale skin, cardiovascular issues like chest pain, shortness of breath and fast heartbeat, headache, dizziness, cold hands and feet.
Diseases and symptoms which occur with severe deficiency of this vitamin are: anemia, brittle and spoon-shaped nails, sores at the corners of the mouth, difficulty in swallowing.

Another elemental micro-nutrient, Iodine is a mineral largely found in the oceans and soil. Its most important function in the body is the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Thyroid gland is the master gland for regulation of metabolism and if it’s not working properly, we can experience fatigue, brain fog, weight gain, chills, hair loss, bad mood, anxiety, insomnia and many more. Iodine is crucial for all thyroid functions and approximately 80% is located in the thyroid gland itself. Pregnant woman should consider taking larger amounts of Iodine in daily diet, because it affects the fetal development and the building of the central nervous system(CNS) in the embryo.

Main functions and benefits:

Iodine’s most important function in the body is the synthesis of thyroid hormones.

– Thyroid Function: Iodine is the critical raw material for building thyroid hormones: Triiodothyronine(T3) and Tetraiodothyronine(T4). With the help of these hormones our thyroid gland regulates metabolic functions in our body. A deficiency in thyroid function immediately manifests as physical and mental fatigue.

– Thyroid hormones: are used by our body in nearly every process and they are needed for normal function of many organs. They affect our thyroid gland, brain, neurons, energy, tissues, heart, lungs, blood, bone, other hormones, metabolism, immune system, reproductive system, nails, skin and hair! This is just a small list of what organs and tissues need thyroid hormones to work properly, there are a lot more, but the list would be too long to read. You certainly can imagine how important they are and what can happen to us if these hormones stop synthesizing in the body.

Other functions and benefits:

– Iodine and Thyroid function are extremely important for adequate fetal development. IQ is significantly reduced in fetus who were deprived on Iodine.

– Iodine also has anti-oxidative properties. It detoxifies chemical toxins all over the body. Iodine forms the lining of stomach, protecting it from external stressors.

– Immune System: Iodine enhances the immune system and also reduces hyperinflammation. Hyperinflammation is the cause of many other autoimmune disorders like Hashimoto tireoiditis.

-Strong antibacterial agent: Iodine is used in the medicine due to its strong antibacterial properties. It can protect our skin and scalp from harmful bacteria which can cause breakages on the face and hair loss due to fungus infections. It also keeps our mouth clean and odor-free!

Deficiency signs:
 thyroid glands problems (goiter and hypothyroidism), swelling in the neck, fatigue and weakness, hair loss, arrhythmia, dry, flaky skin, problems with learning and remembering, pregnancy problems like miscarriages and intellectual disability of babies during pregnancy.

Magnesium is another essential macro-mineral that is vital for normal functioning of the body. One of its most known uses are energy production and proper muscle function! Beside that, magnesium is involved in many other important aspects in our body like healthy formation of bones, heart and artery health, normal function of nerves, muscles and enzymes, calcium absorption in bones and many more! Natural reservoirs of Magnesium are foods rich in fiber. Because magnesium is such an important nutrient we should try making it a must needed mineral in our daily food intake.

Main functions and benefits:

Most important functions of Magnesium in the body are: energy production, transportation of calcium and potassium across cell membrane, structural role of chromosomes, bones and cells, DNA, RNA, protein and fat synthesis.

– Energy production: Magnesium is needed for the production of ATP in our cells. ATP is the fuel that our mitochondria use to produce and provide energy to all metabolic processes!

– Transportation of calcium and potassium: Magnesium provides transportation service to calcium and potassium in and out of cells. This process both uses and generates ATP.

– Structural role: Magnesium is in the structure of our teeth, bones, chromosomes and cells.

– Role in synthesis: Our body requires magnesium in the process of producing DNA & RNA, proteins and essential fats.

Other functions and benefits:

– Boosting physical performance: Magnesium is needed for the activation of ATP. ATP is the main source of energy in cells and without it we would simply die. It’s shown that it enhances glucose availability to the brain and muscles in time of physical restrain. It also reduces lactate accumulation in the muscle. Lactate acid irritates muscles causing soreness and because of it we can’t continue physical performance.

– Neuroplasticity: Magnesium prepares the brain to grasp more information at a biochemical level. By increasing neuronal capacity to grasp information quickly, magnesium can help improve memory and enhance cognition.

– Magnesium is an important antioxidant that neutralizes the biochemical byproducts. It’s found mostly in our mitochondria where it’s involved in ATP synthesis, electron transport and reducement of oxidative stress.

– Reduces depression and anxiety: Low levels of magnesium are found in people suffering from these conditions. This important mineral is responsible for our mood and mental health. It suppresses the stress hormones helping us feel more relaxed and when in deficit it causes the NMDA receptors to block which is related to both depression and anxiety. Magnesium acts as the gatekeeper for NMDA receptors (NMDA receptors are located on nerve cells) and keeps them safe from being overstimulated.

– Cardio vascular health: Magnesium is needed for the proper contraction of the heart muscle, widening of blood vessels, reducing inflammation and improving fat metabolism.

– Magnesium helps those who suffer from migraine headaches!

Deficiency signs:
Cognitive decline and problems like irritability, anxiety, confusion, lethargy and memory problems, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, abnormal heart rhythms, sleep disorders, muscle spasm and weakness, seizures and low blood pressure.
Although very rare, diseases and symptoms which occur with severe deficiency of this vitamin are: hypocalcemia (low calcium blood levels), hypokalemia (low potassium blood levels), personality changes, cardiac or nervous disorders, migraine headaches, hypertension, diabetes, neurological and muscular symptoms, Alzheimer’s and ADHD.

Zinc is a metal and an important nutrient needed by our body. Its also claimed to have some nootropic effects which grew in popularity when users reported that they were able to amply relax and sleep peacefully. The benefits of Zinc are so immense because it has a role in almost every process in the body. It’s important for keeping the immune system healthy, proper function of over 300 enzymes important for digestion and metabolism, growth and development, memory formation and learning capabilities! As we cannot produce Zinc, we should take it via food or through supplementation. Our Ultimate Brain & Body formula has just the right amount of Zinc to help you maintain your levels at high and to use its full potential.

Main functions and benefits:

Most important function of Zinc in the body is it’s role to increase the speed of chemical reaction in enzymes.

– Zinc works as a catalyzer for chemical reactions in the body. Over 300 enzymes depend on zinc to boost the speed of their processes. Zinc also assists our cell growth, division, repair and development.

Other functions and benefits:

– Antioxidant and immune booster: Zinc neutralizes free radicals that promote inflammation and damage in cell-membranes, tissues and organs. Oxidative stress is a direct consequence from high levels of free radicals (they are responsible for the breakage of our DNA). Zinc is also essential for the formation and function of many immune cells. Strong and healthy immune cells form our immune system and our body defends itself from viruses and bacteria with the help of it.

– Nerve function: Zinc, through various biochemical processes is required for synthesis of Brain-derived Nootropic Factor (BDNF). BDNF is a neurotrophin (Neurotrophins are proteins that are needed for proper neuron function and development) that promotes neuroplasticity (neuroplasticity is the brains ability to change and adapt to new circumstances), protects and repairs neurons from damage, promotes the growth of new neurons and more. Also, it reduces symptoms of depression (along with Vitamin D) and improves concentration and focus.

– Reduces stress and anxiety: Low BDNF levels are found in people suffering from depression and anxiety. Zinc promotes the manufacture of BDNF which improves mood and reduces signs of these conditions.

– Sexual Wellness: Zinc improves sperm quality in males and has a big role in the process of spermatogenesis. It is a vital nutrient for the transformation of immature spermatids into a fully mature and motile sperms and plays a part of synthesis of testosterone. It also protects the sperm from oxidative stress.

– Zinc also protects our organs from toxins and diseases, in fact it promotes tissue healing and repair! Zinc has shown many positive aspects in cases of allergy and asthma, cancer, psychiatric disorders, autism, anorexia, diabetes and a lot more.

Deficiency signs:
unwanted weight loss and loss of appetite, apathy, white spots on the fingernails, lack of menstrual periods, poor wound healing, acne and psoriasis, poor growth, impaired taste sensation, night blindness, skin rashes, diarrhea, poor immune system function, depression, excessive hair loss, tremors, cognitive decline, slurred speech, and impaired physical development.

Selenium is another micronutrient that has made its way into the Nootropic space. It forms the integral component of a group of proteins known as Selenoproteins which are involved in a variety of functions all over the body. You don’t need big dosages of it but it’s very important to have it due to its roles in the function of our metabolism and thyroid health. It’s little difficult to find selenium in regular diet because not many foods contain it. Brazil nut and Halibut are the main sources of it and because of its lack in common foods, supplementation is the next best thing. Ultimate Brain & Body formula has 25mcg per serving, which fulfills 40% of recommended daily intake!

Main functions and benefits:

Selenium’s most important function in the body is the synthesis of selenoproteins.

– Super-Potent Antioxidant: It forms the structure of an important enzyme called Selenium-Glutathione Peroxidase. Glutathione is a powerful antioxidant that has numerous health benefits such as production of DNA, tissue building, protein synthesis and proper immune function. This enzymes antioxidative effect is most important to the liver. A group of enzymes called “reactive oxygen species” are produced in response to an infection and they can damage normal cells over long period of time. Selenium-Glutathione peroxidase helps neutralize such highly activated species. Selenium also forms selenoproteins that protect the cells against free-radicals, inflammation and other toxic chemicals.

Other functions and benefits:

– Aids our organ systems: High selenium levels have shown to work positively on the cardiovascular system, reproductive system, immune system, thyroid gland and brain health. It also helps fight of inflammation!

– Skin Texture:
Selenium protects the skin texture and promotes wound healing while preventing scar formation.

– Thyroid health: Selenium is deposited in the thyroid gland. It maintains the normal function of the thyroid gland and protects it from autoimmune thyroid diseases like Hashimoto Thyroiditis and Graves’ disease.

– Brain health: Selenium prevents the breakdown of fatty acids like Omega 3 and Omega 6 which enhances their effects on cognitive performance. High levels of it contribute to better memory and high production of neurotransmitters in the brain!

Deficiency signs:
Selenium deficiency is rare with only a few cases reported.
Diseases and symptoms which occur with severe deficiency of this element are: Keshan disease, Kashin-Beck disease, male infertility and thyroid problems.
– Keshan disease occurs when selenium levels are low and Coxsackievirus is present in the body. It’s often fatal and causes heart muscle problems like heart failure and pulmonary edema.
– Kashin-Beck disease is a type of arthritis. It affects the joints causing them to swell,become stiff, enlarge, reduce motion and hurt unbearably.

Copper is a chemical element classified as a metal. It is found in the Earths ground and has a wide use in the modern world. Although its main utilization is in the building businesses and jewelry, humans need it too because it’s a constituent of a group of enzymes called cuproenzymes. These enzymes are important for a big number of processes in the body. By having enough copper in your body, you are helping cells produce energy and proper brain functions. Copper, with Iron and Zinc are the trio essential for maintaining good health.

Main functions and benefits:

Copper‘s most important functions in the body are: helping the iron in the formation of red blood cells and iron absorption.

Blood cells growth: Aldo it’s a key component of the blood in “blue blooded” animals, humans use it to produce white blood cells. Neutrophils and T-lymphocytes are to thank for when an infection strikes, they protect us from harmful bacteria and viruses, but are depended on Copper to be produced in the human body.

– Helps the Iron find its way: Copper is directly responsible for the Iron intake from the bowels. Without Iron in our blood we can get iron deficiency anemia. Symptoms of this anemia are tiredness, paleness, headaches, dry skin and hair and anxiety.

Other functions and benefits:

– Cardiovascular health: Copper promotes Iron digestion and in return Iron completely forms our blood cells. Low levels of Copper can induce deficiency of iron which means that your organs and tissue don’t receive much needed oxygen.

– Copper is responsible for normal brain function: Copper is responsible for the production of Myelin, a fatty tissue which protect the nerve cells. When the Myelin is healthy, signals from nerve to nerve travel faster and communication between neurons and the body is working properly. But without enough Myelin your neuron communication slows down and neurons are at higher risk of damage, leaving you with bad memory and disrupt cognitive abilities.

– Helps the production of collagen: Collagen is the most abundant protein present in our bodies. You can find it everywhere, from muscles, bones and skin to blood vessels, hair and gut. It’s a sort of a glue that helps keep our tissues hold on to each other, so you can imagine how important is having collagen and its maker – the copper in our bodies.

– Skin boost: Copper has been used for quite some time for its anti-aging effects. Copper derived compounds can reduce inflammation of the skin. Collagen, which is another copper infused protein, keeps our skin tight and firm, reducing the formation of wrinkles and sagginess of the skin. Copper also promotes the production of melanin. Melanin is a pigment that protects our skin from harmful UV light that can cause marks, uneven skin tone and premature aging of the skin.

Deficiency signs:
anemia, weakness, fatigue, neuropathy, numbness and pain in extremities, brittle bones and osteoporosis, heart abnormalities, weakening of the blood vessels, premature graying of hair, paleness of the skin, low white blood cells count and impaired immune response, difficulty in walking, poor brain function (memory and learning), over-sensitivity to cold and vision lost in long-term copper deficiency.
Babies that are born with copper deficiency have growth and weight gain problems, seizures, hypopigmentation and sparse, steely, tangled, or kinky hair.

Manganese came into popularity due to its anti-anxiety effects. It forms an important constituent of many enzymes that are responsible for the process of metabolism. It’s a potent antioxidant that neutralizes free-radicals in the body and it is very important for bone and cartilage formation.

Main functions and benefits:

Manganese’s most important function in the body is its antioxidative role.

– Protects against oxidative stress and cell damage: Manganese is in the structure of the most important antioxidant in the human body called Superoxide Dismutase or SOD. Antioxidants are crucial for fighting free radicals, and by that we mean reducing them from their dangerous form to something less harmful. Free radicals cause oxidation processes to happen in the body and as a result we suffer a great deal and may get diseases like diabetes, genetic degenerative diseases, age-related vision declines, cardiovascular problems and more.

Other functions and benefits:

– Keeps our bones strong: As we said, manganese is an important constituent of many enzymes in the body and enzymes responsible for bone formation are one of them. Not only that, manganese helps Calcium incorporate into new bones. In combination with copper, zinc and calcium it supports mineral density and with that we get stronger bones not prone to breaking!

– It aids brain function: Manganese helps the brain in many ways. Its involved in the molecular structure of some enzymes that are crucial for normal brain functioning. Manganese has the ability to bind to neurotransmitters and thus helping impulses move much faster through the body.

– Faster metabolism: Manganese is responsible for regulating our metabolism. Its involved in the production of essential fatty acids, amino acids and some vitamins. It promotes better absorption and utilization of vitamins from food. It also helps our liver work faster and more efficient.

– Alleviates PMS: Manganese boosts our mood and increases tolerance to pain. It relives PMS symptoms like headaches, cramps, irritability and depression. Woman who suffer from severe PMS symptoms should be advised to take manganese supplements!

Deficiency signs:
poor bone growth, slow or impaired growth, infertility, impaired glucose tolerance, low energy levels, diabetes, skin rash, seizures, nausea or vomiting, hearing loss, weak hair and nails, dizziness, weakness, iron caused anemia and low cholesterol levels.

Chromium is a trace mineral that came into popularity for its appetite-diminishing effects. It helps the overweight increase their BMI’s by decreasing the amount of fat in the body. Chromium also helps improve our body’s response to insulin, thus reducing blood-sugar levels and preventing diabetes. It also works as an antioxidant.

Main functions and benefits:

Chromium’s most important functions in the body are: normal insulin function and metabolism of fats, cholesterol and carbohydrates.

– It has an effect on our blood sugar: Chromium helps the body cope with sugar by increasing the body tolerance to glucose. And in those affected by diabetes it’s been shown to reduce insulin resistance.

Other functions and benefits:

– It helps you lose weight: Chromium works on the brain in a specific manner and tells it to not look for food. It helps with lowering our cravings and hunger, thus allowing us to maintain normal food intake that suites our BMI. Chromium is also required for the normal metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. When there is not enough of it our metabolism can’t work properly and as a result we gain weight.

– Lowers LDL: Due to its role in the metabolism of cholesterol, chromium can lower bad cholesterol (LDL) levels by increasing the good cholesterol (HDL). Reduced amount of LDL minimizes the risk of plaque buildup in the blood vessels.

– Chromium lowers the stress hormone in the blood.

Deficiency signs
: Chromium deficiency is rare but some individuals in cases of low chromium levels report impaired glucose tolerance, diabetes, weight loss, peripheral neuropathy, anxiety, low energy levels, muscle weakness, slow growth, mood swings, increasing of “bad” cholesterol and build up of plaque.

Molybdenum is a trace mineral that forms an important constituent of a few enzymes. It helps with excretion of uric acid from the body and improves blood flow to brain and other organs by releasing Nitric Oxide which works as a vasodilator (Vasodilation is the widening of blood vessels). Molybdenum is also involved in the process of detoxification in our body from harmful compounds and drugs.

Main functions and benefits:

Molybdenum’s most important function in the body is enzyme production (it activates numerous essential enzymes). Some of them are:

– Sulfite oxidase: It converts Sulfite to Sulfate. Sulfite is dangerous in high doses to humans.

– Xanthine Oxidase: It converts purines to uric acid. If not disposed, purines can damage the cellular processes, especially those involving the production of DNA and RNA.

– Aldehyde oxidase/dehydrogenase: This enzyme breaks down aldehydes into less dangerous acids.

– Mitochondrial amidoxime reducing component (mARC): This enzyme is not yet scientifically fully understood, but its known that it catalyzes the reduction of N-hydroxylated prodrugs which can be toxic to humans.

Nitrate reductase: It breaks down Nitrate into Nitrogen Dioxide, a precursor to Nitric Oxide. Nitric Oxide works beneficially on blood vessels and cell growth.

Other functions and benefits:

– Sulfite Sensitivity: Molybdenum helps decrease sensitivity to sulfite. Our body needs sulfite in order to work properly, but sometimes it can act in almost allergy-like manner and cause violent reactions. These reactions can be fatal. Molybdenum lowers this sensitivity by decreasing levels of sulfite. 

Deficiency signs:
tachycardia (rapid heart rate), tachypnea (fast and shallow breathing), headache, nausea, vomiting, headaches, night blindness.
Diseases and symptoms which occur with severe deficiency of this vitamin are sulfite toxicity and coma.

Sodium and Potassium are the most important ions found in the body for the purpose of action potential. The transmission of an impulse requires the movement of these ions across the cell-membrane for the activation-deactivation and reactivation. The alteration of concentration of these ions can results in potentially fatal conditions. Supplementing with Sodium and Potassium becomes extremely important after exercise to maintain electrolyte balance and promote post-workout recovery. Even though in traces, they are extremely important for our health.

Main functions and benefits:

Most important function of Sodium and Potassium in the body is to control water balance in cells.

Sodium: As we all know Sodium is basically salt, and traces of salt can be found in almost every grocery you can think of. Salt can be both good and bad for us, it just depends on our daily intake which is advised by health organizations to be approximately 2300 mg per day. Aldo too much salt is bad for you, the right amount brings great benefits to the body. Sodium is an electrolyte and electrolytes play an important role in proper hydration of the body, maintenance of internal pH levels, proper muscle function, normal nervous system function and more. So, as you should keep an eye on the daily sodium intake, don’t avoid it. It’s important for our health and many things in our body depend on it!

Potassium: Is also an electrolyte present in our bodies, mainly inhabiting our cells. About 98% of potassium is found in the cells as the other 2% is found around them. Along with Sodium it’s a part of The Na⁺/K⁺ pump. This pump is in fact an enzyme (when paired with ATP) and is important for maintaining resting potential, cell membrane transport and maintaining normal cell volume. Potassium being an electrolyte also brings numerous positive health benefits in the body like activating nerve impulses through the nervous system, contracting our muscles (the heart pumps blood by the act of contraction), lowering high blood pressure, reducing water retention and keeping the kidneys strong and healthy!

Signs of sodium deficiency (Hyponatremia):
muscle cramps, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, headaches, confusion, loss of energy, fatigue, restlessness.
Severe cases can lead to shock, coma, and death.
Signs of potassium deficiency (Hypokalemia):
weakness, fatigue, vomiting, diarrhea, weak muscles that cramp or twitch easily, abnormal heart rhythms, digestive problems (bloating and constipation), tingles and numbness of arms, legs and feet, shortness of breath, mood changes and mental fatigue.
Severe cases can lead to kidney problems that cause frequent urination and paralysis of muscle, gut and lungs which can cause death.

Choline Bitartrate is responsible for the creation of a neurotransmitter called Acetylcholine. Acetylcholine is the most important neurotransmitter of the brain, which improves neural communication between cells and allows for better muscular function. Aside the production of Ach, Choline also helps liver, metabolism and muscles function properly.

Main functions and benefits:

Choline’s most important function in the body is the production of acetylcholine.

– Improves cognitive function and brain health: Choline is a precursor to acetylcholine. ACh is responsible for the everyday functioning of the brain. It is a neurotransmitter responsible for memory formation, attention, alertness, sleeping patterns and many other functions.  If the levels of ACh decline, our brain becomes susceptible to neurodegenerative diseases and depression. Choline also helps in the production of Myelin sheath – the fatty tissue that protects our neurons and improves the speed of electrical signaling between them.

Other functions and benefits:

– Choline is needed for the activation of some enzymes like acetylcholinesterase and pseudocholinesterase. These help the nervous system work properly.

– Liver function: Choline is responsible for the formation of phosphatidylcholine. Our liver breaks down fat with the help of phosphatidylcholine. In a deficiency of choline the liver can’t break down fats effectively resulting in fat accumulation in the organ itself.

– Improves Cardiovascular Health: Choline metabolizes a substance known as Homocysteine. Homocysteine has been implicated in a variety of heart conditions and its reduction is said to improve cardiac function.

– Sharp-Mindedness: Choline has proven to be especially effective for quick memory recall as well as improving concentration and focus abilities.

– Choline helps reduce inflammation, provide healthy bones, proper cartilaginous movements and inhibits the formation of autoimmune disorders.

Deficiency signs
: Choline deficiency is rare due to the fact that our bodies are capable of producing small amounts of it. Some of the symptoms include: lack of energy, difficulty concentrating or focusing, low production of ACh which results in sleeping disorders, Increased cholesterol levels, poor concentration, low motivation, confusion and bad memory.
However if choline levels drop too low we can experience more serious problems like muscle, kidney and liver damage (fat starts to deposit on the liver causing a condition called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease).

Inositol is a vitamin-like carbohydrate that is found within the body and can be acquired from outside sources as well. It plays a structural role in our cells being a major component. Because of its many vital roles in the body, many have classified it as Vitamin B8. Inositol became popular owing to its ability to reduce depression and as a mood-stabilizer. It also plays a key role in hormone activity.

Main functions and benefits:

Inositol’s most important functions in the body are energy production and its structural role.

– Energy production: Inositol plays a crucial part of the citric acid cycle. This cycle referes to a series of biochemical processes that release stored energy derived from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into ATP.

– Structural role: Inositol is the structural base of secondary messengers. These molecules are used by our cells to transfer signals from the cell membrane into the cell itself.

Other functions and benefits:

– Boost our mood: Inositol users swear by its ability to reduce depression-like symptoms. Though the exact mechanism is unknown, it is believed that Inositol increases the levels of serotonin in the body and promotes positive signaling.

– Enhances Metabolism: Inositol increases insulin sensitivity and this results in increased blood-sugar absorption into the muscle for all energy processes. It also helps with fat accumulation and lowering of triglyceride levels and blood pressure.

– Increases fertility: Inositol helps with boosting fertility in both men and woman. In females it lowers the male sex hormones (testosterone) and boost estrogen levels while In males it improves sperm count and quality.

– It protects the brain: It loves our brain so much it literally lives in it! But for real, levels of inositol are high in our brain, and not only that but our brain can forge inositol in time of need from glucose. It protects the brain and nerves from injuries and trauma. Inositol also makes neurotransmitters bind to their receptors. These receptors allow our cells to communicate to each other.

Deficiency signs:
conjunctivitis, inflammation in patches on the face, depression, reduced hair quality (loss or patchy baldness, loss of hair color), eye abnormalities, excess liver fat buildup, constipation, eczema, atherosclerosis and memory loss.

Boron is a trace mineral found on Earth but never in its pure form. You may recognize some of the compounds it can be found in: borax and boric acid. But how can boron be useful for us when its toxic to humans in the same time? Humans need boron in very small amounts but its benefits are huge! Bones, brain, immune system and sex hormones are all affected by boron! Its shown that boron improves the brain function and cognition and that it is useful in treating wounds by promoting skin-tissue regeneration while also reducing scar formation.

Main functions and benefits:

Boron has many functions in the body like: promoting bone health and wound healing, increases the life span of sex hormones and vitamin D while it also works as an antioxidant.

– Bone and joint health: Boron helps vitamin D and estrogen to “live” longer. It helps with extending the time of their normal existence and slows down the time of their break down process. Vitamin D and estrogen are very important for bone health and formation. This refers to both man and woman (man are also producing “female hormone” estrogen in their bodies).

– Brain function: Boron is said to maintain brain health and cognitive functions. Studies have shown that people who used Boron rich foods or supplements had better memory and attention span than people that had low boron levels.

– Antioxidant role: Boron increases efficiency of other antioxidants. By doing this it helps us maintain high levels of antioxidants and ensures that we can protect ourselves from oxidative stress and free radicals.

DNA and RNA? Yes, you read it right. DNA and RNA or Deoxyribonucleic and Ribonucleic acids are the base of all existence. In the body they work as a library on how to make, well, everything from hair to brain cells! They are made in our body from small molecules called nucleotides. Nucleotides together make the structure of our DNA and RNA. But what do they do in our body when we take them via food? They get digested by enzymes into nucleotides in our gut and nucleotides get separated into pentose sugars (deoxyribose, ribose), nitrogen and phosphate. Our body can later use these elements to make its own DNA and RNA. 

Main functions and benefits:

– They help our body make new cells: As we said RNA and DNA are the library of everything that is made in our body, including cells of course. With more DNA and RNA molecules, we can produce new cells faster. Cells of our immune system, digestive system and liver need to be constant renewed because of their short lifespan. Nucleotides help with this process and as a result we can replace old cells with new ones quickly.

– Increases life span: Its reported that people who use RNA and DNA supplements or foods rich in them tend to age slower and have extended life span.

– Increased Mental Acuity: DNA and RNA supplementation increase memory by themselves and also by supplying their constituents like adenine, guanine, cytosine and thymine for the purpose of forming new substances. They help improve memory, mental sharpness, treat depression and increase energy.

– They regulate stress: Nucleotides have an ability to reduce cortisol. Cortisol is a hormone released by the body in times of stress. This also includes post workout stress recovery and stress after a surgery.

Lutein belongs to the group of Carotenoids. It’s a yellow colored pigment synthesized in plants and can be found beside fruits and vegetables in yolk, animal fat and animal skin. In the body it has a strong antioxidative role but also its very important to our vision. Its been also prognosed as a nootropic as some studies have shown it has an impact on our cognitive and mental functions.

Main functions and benefits:

Lutein’s most important functions in the body are its antioxidative properties and vision role.

– It protects us form oxidative stress: Due to its powerful antioxidant properties, it helps our body fight from molecules called free radicals. These molecules cause oxidative stress in tissues and damage our cells, even those in the brain. They cause damage by stealing electrons from cells in a process called oxidation. That brings disbalance in the cells chemical structure and causes them to die. Antioxidants prevent this process from happening and they make free radicals inactive. Diseases like Alzheimer’s, cancer, muscle decay, blindness and heart failure can be caused by free radicals.

– It keeps our vision healthy: Lutein is accumulated in the retina of our eye, precisely in the macula region. Because of its high amounts in the macula region experts started calling it the “macular pigment”. That pigment is responsible for the protection of macula from harmful blue light. Oxidative stress and free radicals can also damage our vision and lead to poor eye health, impaired vision, blindness and age-related eye diseases. Lutein with its antioxidative properties fights the free radicals, prevents vision damage and even contributes to better vision over the course of time.

Other functions and benefits:

– Anti-cancerogenic effects: Lutein is believed to reduce the risk of several types of cancer, including: breast, cervical, colon, rectal and lung cancer.

Muscle soreness: Lutein can reduce the occurrence of muscle soreness during and after exercise.

Mental function: This particular carotenoid can help with disrupted mental decline in older people. It can improve memory and speaking in people who suffer from poor cognitive functions.

Deficiency signs:
 Lack of lutein can indirectly cause eye related diseases like: macular degeneration and cataracts. Low lutein levels mean low protection against UV and blue light which can cause those two diseases in the time being. But other “non-disease” problems may occur like: digital eyestrain from blue light (sore or irritated eyes and difficulty focusing, fatigue and dry eyes) and damage of cornea, lens and retina from UV rays.

Our Citrus Bio Complex contains: Citrus Bioflavonoids Complex, Hesperidin Complex, Rutin and Quercetin. All of these belong to a group called FLAVONOIDS (Bioflavonoids) and can be found in almost every fruit and vegetable. Bioflavonoids are antioxidants and their function is to protect the plants from diseases as they do in the human body. By having powerful protective, disease-preventing compounds they can fight off illnesses effectively. This complex also contains substances that enhance collagen synthesis, as a result promoting healthy lungs, healthy skin, healthy bones and cartilage. They contain powerful antioxidants, promote the absorption of vitamin C thus enhancing our immune system, fight off allergies by lowering histamine levels during an attack of allergens and are helpful with post-exercise recovery.

-Hesperidin: Is found generally in citrus fruits and is considered as a powerful antioxidant. Hesperidin has many health benefits in the human body like protection of tissues from oxidative stress and inflammatory processes, promotion of circulation and blood vessel health, leveling of blood sugar, promoting fat metabolism and normalizing blood pressure. It also protects the brain and our cognition from mental decline, illness and stress, it promotes skin health, helps with allergies, keeps our bones healthy, helps us sleep better and relives us from pain.

-Rutin: Can be found in certain fruits and vegetables, but is abundant in buckwheat and apples. It’s considered also as a powerful antioxidant that promotes the synthesis of collagen and absorption of Vitamin C from the gut. It also helps us with blood circulation by lowering “bad” cholesterol, reducement of oxidative stress, keeping inflammation at bay and even boosts acetylcholine levels in the brain thus protecting the brain cells.

– Quercetin: Is considered as a “Master Flavonoid” because of its strong antioxidative properties. In the body it reduces allergies, boosts the immune system, minimizes the effects of oxidative stress, keeps our blood vessels and heart safe from bad cholesterol, protects the brain, reduces dangerous inflammation, helps us maintain a slime line and regulates the blood sugar by reducing glucose levels.

Our Digestive Enzyme Blend contains: Betaine Hydrochloride, Bromelain, Papain, Amylase, Lipase, Cellulase and Protease. As we said these belong to a group called ENZYMES and they help us digest all sorts of substances (nutrients) and break them into smaller constituents which can then be easily absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Digestive enzymes can dissolve carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Friendly gut bacteria that form our gut flora also participate in digestion. By having proper digestion our body can extract high percent of nutrients from food. This ensures that our cells are well fed and organ systems are healthy and ready to fight off any infection and inflammation!

– Betaine Hydrochloride: Or Betaine HCl is a chemical substance that is used in medicine for its digestive benefits. Betaine HCl is used to increase our gastric acid thus helping us digest food more efficiently. It also lowers our pH levels in the stomach which also supports digestion. Betaine alone, on the other hand enhances the functioning of liver (improved detoxification) and increases synthesis of carnitine (Carnitine protects the kidneys). Betaine is especially useful in reducing levels of homocysteine, which is an inflammatory marker.

– Bromelain: Bromelain is a protein-digesting mixture of enzymes derived from pineapples. It breaks down proteins into amino acids and increases the activity of other enzymes like Lipase and Trypsin. Due to its complex structure it benefits our digestion, help us lose weight, minimizes the risk of some medical conditions (burns, osteoarthritis), heals the skin, protects the heart and has strong inflammation and cancer-fighting properties.

– Papain: Naturally present in almost all parts of the papaya plant. Papain is a proteolytic enzyme that can digest proteins into more digestible forms. Papain is an excellent post-workout recovery supplement because it reduces muscle soreness and inflammation, improves digestion and reduces bloating. Post workout protein drinks are better digested with papain and other enzymes.

– Amylases: They are responsible for digestion of complex carbohydrates.

– Lipases: They are responsible for digesting fats in the body.

– Proteases: They are responsible for digestion of proteins.

 Amylases, Lipases and Proteases are produced by our pancreas but can also be supplemented.

– Cellulase: Is complex of several different enzymes that digest cellulose and cellulose compounds. Cellulose is found in plants and humans can’t easily digest it but with help of cellulase we can break down cellulose into smaller polysaccharides. Our body uses cellulose derived compounds for making new ones that it needs or it expels them entirely. The remaining cellulose acts as a dietary fiber and helps us in numerous ways, primarily in bowel movements. Cellulase also helps us in some other ways like improving nutritive value of some grains and fermented foods, helping the antioxidants from fruits and vegetables release more easily and get absorbed into the blood stream. It also helps prevent new biofilms (bad bacteria) from being formed and destroy existing colonies of friendly bacteria.

In our Probiotic Blend we have: B. bifidum, L. bulgaricus and L. acidophilus. PROBIOTICS or friendly bacteria are a type of bacteria that provide numerous health benefits to us like the prevention of gastrointestinal diseases and promotion of nutrient absorption. They commonly live in our digestive system and form our gut flora. They colonize our gut and there they use available nutrients which deprives the pathogenic bacteria of that nutrients, thus preventing their sustenance in the microflora space. These bacteria are also important for some vitamin manufacture (Vitamin B and Vitamin K) and digestion of some fibers into fats that feed our gut wall.  An old adage, “A healthy gut leads to a happy mind” is especially true for microflora of gut.

– B.Bifidum: It is shown to prevent stomach infection and improve absorption of nutrients from the intestines. B. Bifidum is an important anti-constipation agent that also alleviates irritable bowel syndrome symptoms.

– L.Bulgaricus: It reduces the pH of the intestine by producing lactic acid, helps reduce flatulence and promotes nutrient absorption. It is also important for the growth of “friendly” microflora.

– L.Acidophilus: Similar to L.Bulgaricus, L.Acidophilus also reduces pH and improves absorption.

Our Omega Blend contains: Omega 3 and Omega 6 fatty acids, Flaxseed, Sunflower oil and Borage Powder. Omega 3 and Omega 6 Fatty acids are polyunsaturated fats. They count as “good” fats that have a positive effect on the body such as healthy-looking skin, proper immune system function and good heart health. The Omega Group of fatty acids are also known to improve concentration, reduce inflammation and reduce bone and joint pain. These fatty acids are essential to our body and unlike other fats they act as insulation against the external stressors such as heat and biochemical changes. They also maintain fluidity of cell-membrane to ensure appropriate substance transportation. It’s important that you take omega 3 and omega 6 in your diet because you can develop a deficiency which leads to sickness. You can find omega fatty acids in fish oil and cod-liver oil but their synthetic forms are better absorbed.

-Omega 3 Fatty Acids: Are a type of polyunsaturated essential fats that our body needs in order to function properly. The term polyunsaturated means that in their chemical structure they have several double bonds which can bound to other molecules like cholesterol and degrade them to smaller molecules. Essential means that our body can’t produce it and therefore we must take them via food. Omega 3 means that the final double bond sits three carbon atoms from the end of the molecular chain. These fatty acids bring numerous health benefits like lowering triglycerides in the blood, keeping our liver healthy, reducing inflammation, promoting heart, brain, vision, skin and joint health. Omega 3 acids also protect us from diseases, mental declines, depression and anxiety.

-Omega 6 Fatty Acids: Omega 6 Is another type of polyunsaturated essential fat but this time the final double bond sits six carbon atoms from the end of the molecular chain. Omega 6 fatty acids are important for reducing “bad” cholesterol levels, preventing cardiovascular and bone diseases. They also have a part in energy production.

-Flaxseed, Sunflower oil and Borage Powder are packed with omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids.

This blend contains: Spirulina, Chlorella, Oat Extract, Apple Pectin, Chlorophyllin and Barley Grass. It contains all nutrients needed for producing proteins as well as various enzymes needed by our body. Proteins are required for structure, function, and regulation of the body’s tissues and organs. This green blend is packed with phytonutrients and fiber that are important for energy production and proper bowel movement. Its full in vitamins and minerals that help elevate our body functions. The green and whole food blend supports our immune system, promotes digestion and detoxifies our body!

– Spirulina, Chlorella and Oat Extract: All three are amongst the richest plant-source of proteins. Spirulina in particular provides both whole proteins as well as amino acids for the synthesis of proteins.

– Apple Pectin and Chlorophyllin: Apple Pectin is a form of roughage or fiber that offers digestive support. Chlorophyllin has strong anti-aging and antioxidant properties. It also plays a role in controlling body odors.

– Barley Grass: Barley Grass is a rich source of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and other micronutrients that enhance the immune system.

– Oat extract has been clinically studied and it can enhance all cognitive functions including memory-recall.

Our herb blend contains: Echinacea, Ginger, Milk Thistle, Cayenne, Korean Ginseng Extract, Ginkgo Biloba Extract and Goldenseal. Herbs have been used for centuries for their medical benefits and their part in culinary use. Tribes that live in modern world still use herbs to treat themselves from diseases and for healing of wounds. Herbs like tobacco and psychedelic herbs have been used in rituals due to their effects on the psyche. Many pharmacological companies use various herb extracts for the production of medical drugs. These drugs are later used for treatment and prevention of illnesses. Some of the health benefits of herbs from our blend include: boost in the psychological, cardiovascular and digestive health, antibacterial, antiviral and antioxidative properties, supporting bone, hair and skin health, prevention of diseases like cancer and diabetes, anti-inflammatory effects, promoting brain and nerve health, better memory, focus and concentration, helping with mental diseases and so many other things!

– Echinacea: This herbaceous plant is especially useful for strengthening the immune system and protecting against cold and flu. It’s also effective against acidity in the body and has high levels of antioxidants!

– Ginger: This ayurvedic herb has been used for many centuries to clear cough, reduce nasal secretions, promote joint health and also aid in digestion. It has over 100 active compounds which have anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving, antimicrobial and liver-protecting activities. Ginger also has antioxidative properties which fight off oxidative stress and free radicals.

– Milk Thistle: Is an extract derived from the Milk Thistle plant. This plant is famous for its liver support both in function and detoxification. It also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects which are important to our health.

– Cayenne: Is a type of chili pepper and is full of nutrients. Its active ingredient – Capsaicin gives it hot taste and is responsible for its medical benefits. It boosts our metabolism and reduces hunger throughout the day. Cayenne has shown to improve our cardiovascular health by lowering blood pressure and stimulating circulation. It also boosts digestive health and helps relief pain.

– Korean Ginseng: Promotes well-being and is originated from China. The Chinese people used Ginseng for its shown signs of cognitive prosperity, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Ginseng is used to improve brain function, like memory and mood. It also promotes better sexual performance and male fertility by boosting testosterone and sperm count. It decreases oxidative stress in tissues and helps the blood flow into muscles (penile).

– Ginkgo Biloba: Ginkgo biloba, or maidenhair is a tree growing in China but can be found anywhere in the world. It’s a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent as well as nootropic. As a nootropic it promotes healthy brain function. It helps boost our mood, enhance cognition, support memory and mental alertness while reliving from stress and anxiety. It protects our neurons from oxidative stress and works as an antidepressant. It aids many organs in the body like the eyes, heart and liver. Ginkgo Biloba effects are versatile and is good to involve it in your diet.

– Goldenseal: Is a plant and has been used to fight infections. Berberine is a compound derived from the roots of the Goldenseal plant. It’s considered as one of the most effective natural supplements with impressive health benefits on the body. The goldenseal plant is a powerful immune and digestive system enhancer! It helps eliminate bad fats from the body thus promote heart health and works as a mood stabilizer because of its ability to cure depression. Like all herbs from this list it has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and is another good asset to have in your diet!

Our vegetable blend is made up from: Parsley powder, Garlic, Beet Root Powder, Carrot Powder, Asparagus powder, extracts of Broccoli, Cabbage, Brussels Sprouts, Cauliflower and Kale. The vegetable blend is formulated for the absorption, digestion, metabolism and excretion of nutrients and to help with liver and kidney detoxification. With this mix you don’t need to worry about proper vegetable intake because this blend covers it all (In terms of nutrients. Although it is always best to take your nutrients from fresh foods). It’s packed with phytonutrients, vitamins, antioxidants, amino acids, minerals, fibers and enzymes that cover all your basic needs! All of that promotes proper digestion, tissue health, immune system and overall well-being!

– Parsley Powder: is a nutritional powerhouse containing Vitamins A, B, C and K. It reduces blood sugar and has antibacterial properties. Parsley protects your breath from smelling bad and can even promote hair growth!

– Garlic: Is a traditional ayurvedic herb and is considered as super-food due to its high nutrient count. It’s a super-store of antioxidants. Garlic promotes blood circulation and cardiovascular health as well as immune system support. Its been used for centuries for its rejuvenating properties and strengthening of hair and nails.

– Beet Root: Is high in vitamins and minerals. Beet root promotes energy production, physical performance, liver function and blood flow. Due to its liver support it’s connected to the detoxification of the body and proper cardiovascular health. This powerful vegetable also acts as a beauty agent promoting good looking skin, hair growth and preventing signs of aging!

– Carrot Powder: is great source of vitamins, particularly vitamin A and beta-carotene. Those two are necessary for proper maintenance of vision and immune system. Carrot powder is also full of fiber which is needed for the appropriate nutrition absorption. Carrots are known for their skin benefits. They help the skin look fresh and clear. Beta carotene from carrots promotes anti-aging of the skin by protecting it from harmful sun-rays. Various skin ailments can be treated with the help of carrot antioxidants! Not just skin, carrots support healthy hair by combating hair loss and stimulating the hair follicle to produce more of it!

– Asparagus Powder: Is full of vitamins and antioxidants. Asparagus acts as a detoxifying agent which strengthens immunity, helps the kidneys stay healthy, promotes weight loss, aids our digestive system, promotes brain health, improves bone health, helps our vision and improves skin and hair texture! This powerful plant has also shown to help cure certain diseases.

– Extracts of broccoli, cabbage, brussels sprouts, cauliflower and kale are packed with nutrients, including fiber, carbohydrates and proteins. They have powerful antioxidative and anti-inflammation effect on the body, together with strong anticancer properties. Broccoli and brussel sprouts may help with blood sugar levels and bone health while cabbage lowers blood pressure and enhances immunity. Broccoli also slows mental decline and supports healthy brain function. Kale and cabbage lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels in the blood, thus promoting proper heart and liver function. Cauliflower is high in Choline, and Choline is used by body to make AcetylCholine which is an important neurotransmitter involved in memory and muscle movement. Choline is also important for DNA synthesis, fat metabolism and cell structure. Cauliflower helps maintain proper function of our eyes, hormones, blood flow, bones and skin. It also detoxifies our body! Kale is the queen of vegetables, densely packed with nutrients, powerful antioxidants and beta carotene. It has great benefits to our eyes, bones, brain, gut and skin!

In our fruit blend you can find: Papaya powder, Grapefruit extract, Apple powder, Peach, Strawberry, Acai, Cranberry, Blueberry, Bilberry extract, Pomegranate extract, Pineapple, Orange and Noni powder. The Fruit Blend has been specifically prepared to provide nutrients in the form of vitamins, minerals, phytonutrients, fiber and digestive enzymes which are essential for health, vitality and energy. It is high in antioxidants which helps in stopping inflammation processes occurring in the body. All of these fruits support heart health, immunity, liver and kidney health, skin rejuvenation and proper organ function. They ease digestion problems and impaired bowl movement with the help of digestive fibers and enzymes! Some fruits have particular health benefits characteristic for them:

– Grapefruits heals your body, mind and soul. It promotes skin health, weight loss, blood sugar normalization, liver health, hair shine and manages anxiety and depression.

– Papaya is all about skin health. From making the skin soft to touch, to reducing wrinkles and acne. Papaya is your number one ally for better looking skin! Papaya also stimulates the growth of hair and nails. It can help with weight loss, reduce stress and anxiety, reduce inflammation and pain. It is also good for fetal development and soon to be mothers.

– Apple pectin works as a prebiotic (prebiotic feed the good gut bacteria). It can help with controlling of diabetes and help protect the brain from mental decline.

– Peaches have been reported to help with allergies and promote skin health. They also help us lose weight and cleanse our body. Folate from peaches promotes brain health and Is beneficial during pregnancy for proper development of babies!

– Strawberries are great heart helpers and aid it in every way! They lower blood sugar, blood pressure and bad cholesterol within the blood thus maintaining normal heart function! They help with increasing male potency and provide better sexual performance. Strawberries promote anti-aging and better looking hair, skin, and teeth.

– Acai are wonder berries that are powerful antioxidants. They enhance cognitive functions like memory and motor function. Acai is also called the Rainforest Viagra because it can enhance libido and sex drive. They keep our lips soft and plumped, skin hydrated, clear of acne, pigmentation and scars.

– Cranberries promote strong urinary tract benefits. It keeps the urinary tract safe from bacteria and virus infections. They also prevent kidney stones and fight tooth decay (thus promoting healthy looking teeth). Cranberries help prevent stomach ulcers and soothe the pain from existing ones.

– Blueberries help improve brain function like thinking and memory. They manage diabetes, help maintain healthy bones, slow down aging effects and can help detoxify heavy metals.

– Pomegranate is a strong anticancer medium. It also helps with arthritis, fertility and has strong antibacterial and anti-fungai properties.

– Pineapple has digestive enzyme called Bromelain that breaks down proteins. Bromelain has positive effects on digestion, weight loss, skin and heart.

– Oranges have a chemical called Synephrine in their peels that have effects on the body’s energy production and weight loss. They also help prevent anemia and kidney stones.

– Noni fruit powder is full of dietary fiber, carbohydrates, vitamin C, phytochemicals and antioxidants. It can help with longer physical endurance, pain reduction and diabetes treatment. They are great skin tonics and promote skin health. Benefits on the brain can’t be left out, Noni fruit helps prevent neurodegeneration of our brain cells! This amazon fruit can also protect the liver from toxins, boost energy to fight off fatigue and strengthen hair.

Our mushroom blend contains: Shitake mushrooms, Maitake Mushrooms and Reishi Mushrooms.  Medical mushrooms have been consumed by people for thousands of years. Even ancient Egyptians used them in belief they contribute to longer life. They were used both as a cure and in rituals. The term “medical” is earned because they provide medical benefits. They have powerful antioxidant nutrients in them that enhance the immune system by fighting against inflammation. They help manage blood sugar levels, detoxify the liver and the body, enhance brain functions like creativity and mental clarity, control important immune functions and cure mental illnesses like anxiety and depression.

– Shitake Mushrooms: Are the most popular mushroom sort today. They are good source of selenium, copper, pantothenic acid, omega 6 fatty acids and have a unique nutritional profile that include zinc, manganese, vitamin B6, niacin, riboflavin and thiamin. Some of these are considered as antioxidants that help fight inflammation and free radicals in the body. They also have amino acids similar to meat, which are important for building proteins. They have anticancer properties, help lower cholesterol in the blood vessels thus keeping the heart and arteries safe from plaque. Shitake mushrooms enhance immunity power and strength, they also make the skin look younger and fresh. Diseases like diabetes, cavity, thrombosis and iron deficiency can be neutralized with high intake of these mushrooms! When eaten daily they provide human body with the sustained good health and optimal performance.

– Maitake Mushrooms: These mushrooms are rich in niacin, folate, phosphorus, potassium and zinc. They grow in wild parts of Japan, China, and North America. They are a type of adaptogen and that means they are helping the body resist stressors of all kinds, whether physical, chemical or biological. People have used them for their positive effects in health, vitality, and longevity. But today we know they are one of the most potent and effective immune raisers. They are also helpful in reducing “bad” cholesterol levels, maintaining proper blood sugar levels and have strong anti-cancer properties.

– Reishi Mushrooms: As its counterparts, it also originates from China and have the same cancer fighting properties. They’ve been studied mostly for their therapeutic value and are often referred as “Elixir of life”. The Reishi mushroom is especially good in building immune system when its low and lowering it when its too active. They have triterpenoids, polysaccharides and peptidoglycans which are reported to have numerous health benefits. They slow down the process of aging and help the hair flourish. Rich in antioxidants, Reishi mushrooms have shown some real promise in relieving anxiety, preventing depression, maintaining proper blood pressure and viscosity levels, enhancing creativity and better verbal (vocabulary words) recall, promoting better sleep, nourishing respiratory system, shedding off weight and helping the liver, kidneys and gut fight off diseases by boosting the immune system!